Augustus of Primaporta, Colosseum, Trajan’s Column, Julius Caesar assassinated (44 b.c. Giotto, Influential WorksCimabue Archaeological ruins of ancient civilizations in Athens and Naples that were discovered at the time reignited a passion for all things past, and artists strove to recreate the great works of ancient art. View our, Art History Timeline: Western Art Movements and Their Impact, Fresco painting in St. Charles's church in Vienna, Prehistoric cultures that existed before the advent of a written language, Civilizations from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and the Americas, The Descent of Man into the Vale of Death, Louis Vuitton Handbags: Iconic Styles and Price Guide, The Surprising Market for Russian Nesting Dolls, Furoshiki: The Art of Japanese Fabric Wrapping, The Wine Lover’s Guide to Different Types of Champagne. It’s often referred to as the New York School or action painting. If you’re interested in art history, the first thing you should do is take a look at this table which briefly outlines the artists, traits, works, and events that make up major art periods and how art evolved to present day: Cave painting, fertility goddesses, megalithic structures, Lascaux Cave Painting, Woman of Willendorf, Stonehenge, Ice Age ends (10,000 b.c.–8,000 b.c. Heightened by advances in science and technology as well as an interest in optical effects and illusions, the Op art (short for “optical” art) movement launched with Le Mouvement, a group exhibition at Galerie Denise Rene in 1955. As its name suggests, the Neoclassical period drew upon elements from classical antiquity. Jacques-Louis David, Influential WorksJacques-Louis David Realism was a result of multiple events: the anti-Romantic movement in Germany, the rise of journalism, and the advent of photography. Identify Renaissance art. Cimabue This style of painting, sculpture, and decorative art was characterized by a focus on nature and individualism, the thought of man as independent and self-reliant. One of the most famous examples is that of the Paleolithic cave pai… Image via Wikimedia Commons. Baroque paintings were characterized by drama, as seen in the iconic works of Italian painter Caravaggio and Dutch painter Rembrandt. Because this type of art focused on ideas and concepts, there was no distinct style or form. Many works depict stories of rulers, gods, and goddesses. Raffaello Sanzio da Urbin, The School of Athens, 1511. One of the most famous examples is that of the Paleolithic cave paintings found in the complex caves of Lascaux in France. Handicrafts were some of the other pieces of art to emerge during this period. The School of Athens, 1511, CharacteristicsStylized features, exaggerated details, decorative elements, Leading Contributors CharacteristicsDark imagery, biblical subjects, Classical mythology, Gothic architecture, Leading Contributors American artist Frank Stella was of the earliest adopters of Minimalism, producing nonrepresentational paintings, as seen in his Black Paintings completed between 1958 and 1960. Click on the genres below to learn more about key characteristics and leading contributors of Western art’s pivotal periods. Influential WorksCode of Hammurabi, 1754 B.C. Gerhard Richter, Cindy Sherman, Anselm Kiefer, Frank Gehry, Nuclear freeze movement; Cold War fizzles; Communism collapses. The below timelines are used to graphically and logically illustrate the progression of modern art. The Three Graces, 1816, CharacteristicsImaginative elements, focus on passion, emotion, and observing the senses, Leading Contributors Image via Wikimedia Commons. Art is an important glimpse into history because it is often one of the few things to survive. The Rococo style also easily translated to silver, porcelain, and French furniture. Caravaggio Art began to change stylistically shortly after the High Renaissance, when clashes between the Christian faith and humanism gave way to Mannerism. Salvador Dalí, Influential WorksSalvador Dalí Artwork throughout the Renaissance was characterized by realism, attention to detail, and precise study of human anatomy. The aesthetic offered a softer style of decorative art compared to Baroque’s exuberance. Carl Andre Donald Judd The origins of art history can be traced back to the Prehistoric era, before written records were kept. Post-Impressionist painters include Georges Seurat, noted for his pointillism technique that used small, distinct dots to form an image. Learn the main features and characteristics of Renaissance art. Each movement shed light on distinctive painting, sculpture, architectural achievements, and other defining works. English artist Bridget Riley is one of the most prominent Op Art practitioners. Rococo is characterized by lightness and elegance, focusing on the use of natural forms, asymmetrical design, and subtle colors. Sold for $4,114,500 via Sotheby’s (January 2012). After this lesson on art history, your students will be able to: 1. Neolithic. • 1919 in art – Death of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Ralph Albert Blakelock, Walter Gropius founds the Bauhaus The Calling of St Matthew, 1600Rembrandt Handicraftsare items such as embroidery samplers, ivory carvings, silver pieces, and quilts. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Cold War and Vietnam War (U.S. enters 1965); U.S.S.R. Postmodernism and Deconstructivism (1970– ), Art without a center and reworking and mixing past styles. Alphonse Mucha, Princess Hyazinthe, 1911. The movement transitioned away from methods used in Abstract Expressionism, and instead used everyday, mundane objects to create innovative works of art that challenged consumerism and mass media. Instead, canvases would be placed directly upon the floor. The Gleaners, 1857Gustave Courbet Impressionist artists used modern life as their subject matter, painting situations like dance halls and sailboat regattas rather than historical and mythological events. Influential genres of art from the Renaissance to the rise of Modernism have undoubtedly made their mark on history. Shaped by the legacy of Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism emerged in New York after WWII. The Middle Ages, often referred to as the “Dark Ages,” marked a period of economic and cultural deterioration following the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. Much of the artwork produced in the early years of the period reflects that darkness, characterized by grotesque imagery and brutal scenery. 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